New National Education Policy: In order to bring a new transformation to the Indian education system, the Union cabinet launched New National Education Policy (NEP) on 29th July 2020. The main aim was to bring reform in the school and higher education system in India which has been followed for past many decades. Since 1986, the same old national education policy has been followed in India. Finally, after following the old education policy for 34 years, the new policy has been launched by the Union cabinet. They have also renamed MHRD, and now it is the Ministry of Education.
Now, the New National Education Policy (NEP) is established on the basis of four pillars those are Access, Equity, Quality, and Accountability. There is going to be a 5+3+3+4 structure in this new policy, which will include 12 years of school and three years of Anganwadi/ pre-school that will replace the old 10+2 structure.
New National Education Policy (NEP) Features
Below here are some of the major New National Education Policy (NEP) Features.
- This New National Education Policy (NEP) has been launched by the Union cabinet.
- The Ministry of Human Resource Management has been converted to the Ministry of Education.
- Under the NEP, the education system of India will be now universal. However, it doesn’t include medical and law studies.
- Now, special attention will be paid to the education and skills of the children.
- The Science, Commerce, and Arts streams are discontinued. Now, students can choose any subject they want such as accounting, biology, or arts.
- Students will study coding.
- From the sixth grade onward, students will learn coding, and digital learning will become a part of every school in India.
- In order to implement the New Education Policy 2022, 6 percent of GDP will be spent.
- Ancient Indian languages such as Sanskrit will be the choice of Students.
- The board examination will be held twice a year for reducing the burden on students.
- Artificial intelligence software will also be taught for making learning easy.
- There will be the availability of translation of every study content into regional languages along with the installation of virtual labs.
- From higher education, M. Phil is going to be removed.
- Three languages will be compulsory for the students to learn and that will be determined by the state.
- The National Council for Education Research and Training is going to prepare the framework of the national curriculum.
- Few institutions are going to be established for carrying out the National Education Policy.
Major Reforms Made In New Education Policy 2022
There are a lot of alterations that have been made to the old education policy. By launching a new National Education Policy after more than 30 years of the old policy, the government is aiming to enhance the educational system of India. Students and the young generation of the country are going to get benefits from the NEP scheme as they will get a better and advanced education from now on. Following are the major reforms made in New Education Policy 2022.
- School exams are going to be conducted by the appropriate authority for grades 3, 5, and 8 students.
- The 10th and 12th Grade Board Exams will be held, but it is going to be redesigned for promoting holistic development.
- PARAKH is going to launch a new national assessment platform.
- Students will learn to code scientific temper with mathematical thinking from sixth grade onward.
- Also, from 6th grade, students will be taught vocational education and will include internships.
- 10+2 will be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 education structure in the new policy.
- Students are going to spend 12 years in school and 3 years in pre-school/Anganwadi in the New Education Policy 2022.
- Local or regional language and mother tongue will be taught to the students in the first five grades.
- School and higher education students will get the option to take Sanskrit at all levels, including three language formulas. Also, literature from India and other classical languages will also be an option.
- Students will choose to study any language of their choice and will be not pushed to select any particular one.
- In higher education, students have full authority to choose any subject.
- There will be many entry and exit points for higher education and it will be accompanied by appropriate certifications.
- With the new policy, education is going to get 6 percent of GDP. Earlier, it was up 1.7% and this change is definitely going to affect the education system in a positive way.
- By 2040, the new policy is aiming for all HEIs to be multidisciplinary. It is expected, that each will have at least 3000 students.
- All the college affiliations are now going to be discontinued over the next 15 years.
- By the year 2030, every district should have a large multidisciplinary HEI.
- The new education policy will make sure that in India there will be 100% literacy for youth and adults by 2030.
Conclusion: What Was The Need To Launch New National Education Policy 2022?
India’s old education system was only nationalized, and therefore it was difficult for the students to cope with global scale education. As a result, the Indian Government put an end to the old policy and launched the New National Education Policy to bring cope with the international level. With the help of this new policy, learners from India will be able to use their skills and talent at the global level. This new scheme intends to universalize education.
The government has launched this NEP 2020 with the aim of making India a worldwide knowledge superpower. In order to achieve this goal, schools and colleges must have to be advanced, all-inclusive, and more flexible than ever before. Therefore, to bring out the unique and exceptional capabilities of our upcoming generation, the education system needs to be reformed for better transformation. By implementing this new education scheme, the Indian Government is trying to bring over 2 crore students into the mainstream. Their goal is to achieve 100 percent GER (Gross Enrollment Ratio) from pre-school to secondary, most probably by the end of 2030. By launching this new education system, Government wants to ensure 100 percent literacy in India by 2030. Therefore, this step was taken not only to improve the Indian education system but also to encourage skills among the youth. This will bring huge development to the country in the upcoming decades.